A cataract is an eye condition that affects over 60% of Americans. This condition can have a serious effect on your vision and quality of life. Finding the proper treatment for this condition is imperative to preserving your vision. At See 20/20 Optometry, serving Santa Ana, CA, our optometrist can diagnose cataracts with an eye exam and will guide you on treatment. Here are some commonly asked questions about cataracts.
What Are Cataracts?
A cataract is the clouding of the lens inside of your eye. It can take place in one or both eyes. To some degree, a clouding of the lens happens naturally over time. However, if the clouding develops very suddenly or decreases vision, it is considered a cataract.
This condition affects vision, because in order for light to pass through the lens and hit the retina, the lens must be clear. The clouding of cataracts impedes this light from reaching the retina, thus decreasing vision to varying degrees.
What Causes Cataracts?
Cataracts can affect anyone of any age, however, it is most often seen in people over 45 years old. The risk of cataracts developing increases for people over 65. The side effects of certain medications also contribute to the development of cataracts.
Those suffering from diabetes are also at increased risk for this condition, as well as those who smoke and those who are exposed to ultraviolet light.
What Are the Symptoms of Cataracts?
The most common side effects of cataracts include blurred vision, light sensitivity, loss of depth perception, and a noticeable change in the color of the pupil. The pupil will change from black to milky white. Sometimes the color will be seen as yellow.
What Are the Types of Cataracts?
There are three types of cataracts. Nuclear sclerotic cataracts develop slowly, beginning in the eye nucleus. Cortical cataracts start in the outer layer and are common in those with diabetes. Posterior subcapsular cataracts develop quickly and first affect night vision.
How Are Cataracts Treated?
Our eye doctor will diagnose cataracts during an eye exam and develop a treatment plan. In most cases, cataracts are removed through cataract surgery. During this procedure, the cloudy lens is removed and a new lens is implanted. This procedure is usually painless and requires minimal recovery time.
If I Have a Cataract, Will I Need Surgery?
You may have difficulties seeing as your vision starts to decline due to your cataract. Our optometrist will determine when your condition has progressed enough to need surgery.
Visit Our Optometrist in Santa Ana, CA for an Eye Exam
At See 20/20 Optometry, our eye doctor will guide you through cataract treatment. We are happy to answer any questions you have. Call us today to schedule an appointment.